What is an ERP: examples, types and features

If you want to know what an ERP is, what types exist, some of their common characteristics and some of the most commonly used ERP system examples, read on and we will tell you about it.

What is an ERP?

To define what an ERP is, we can start by saying that it is an enterprise resource planning system. Specifically, ERP stands for enterprise resource planning. In other words, it is an information system that integrates and manages many of the businesses or companies linked to the production and distribution operations of products, whether they are goods or services.

What is an ERP for?

To understand what an ERP is for, it must be taken into account that a good ERP system must allow the unification and organization of all the tasks and areas involved. This is a necessary premise, since it is what will allow this type of computer systems to carry out the traceability of all processes, which is one of the main objectives of its use.

Thus, the answer to the question of what an ERP is for is that its function is the planning and optimization of business resources. However, this planning and optimization depends directly on both the traceability of processes and the ability to access available information.

Importance of an ERP in logistics

Now that we know what an ERP is and what it is used for, it is worth asking about its role in the logistics sector. ERPs allow product traceability, which is essential in the logistics sector, both in managing the transport and distribution of goods and in everything related to reverse logistics.

Characteristics of an ERP

The main characteristics of an ERP are the following:
  • Automation of processes and tasks.
  • Supply chain management.
  • Enterprise integration of both payment platforms and inventories.
  • Access to reports, metrics and analytics thanks to the use of big data and cloud computing.
  • Use and handling with an intuitive and easy-to-use interface.
  • Financial management and administration modules.
  • Real-time operation.
However, apart from these features of an ERP, these systems can be adapted to the specific needs of each business. Thus, depending on the ERP examples we take, we can find a series of specific features or others.

Types of ERP

There are different types of ERP that can be divided as follows:

Generic: these are ERPs that are designed to adapt to a large number of companies and businesses without distinguishing between the individual needs of each company.

Parameterized: these ERPs are characterized by some differences with respect to the rest. Their main characteristic is that they have a certain degree of customization which, broadly speaking, makes them more suitable for certain sectors and not others.

Tailor-made: another type of ERP is custom-made or, in other words, customized ERP. In this case, unlike the previous ones, they are ERPs designed specifically for a particular client. In other words, they are completely customized and respond to the individual needs and characteristics of each business.

Examples of what an ERP is

We can find several examples of an ERP. However, some are more widely used than others. Some of the most popular ERPs that have gained greater visibility in recent years are the following:


SAP ERP is a resource planning software. It has the essential business functions in any company. Some of the sectors in which SAP ERP excels are the following: distribution and sales, materials management, logistics, production planning, finance, accounting, human resource management, corporate services, environment, health and wealth management, among others.

Oracle ERP

Oracle ERP is one of the most widely used business management software packages in use today. It brings business processes together and unifies them, driving collaboration, business productivity and supporting data-driven decision making. Oracle ERP excels in the following areas: financial management, project management, supply chain management and accounting, among others.

These are just a few examples of innovation and the importance that technology and the use of business ICTs have in the companies and businesses of the 21st century.

At Beetrack we know this. That's why we develop specific tools for the logistics sector. Thanks to PlannerPro by Beetrack and LastMile by Beetrack your company can optimize to the maximum the logistics tasks, designing and planning in advance the delivery routes and monitoring the delivery processes of the orders. All this allows you to improve the efficiency of the logistics process and the service provided to your buyers, improving the overall customer shopping experience.